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Vsevolod Bolshakov
Vsevolod Bolshakov

Rusya tankları ile ilgili bilmeniz gereken 5 ilginç gerçek


Rus Tankları: A Comprehensive Guide




Rus tankları, or Russian tanks, are armored fighting vehicles that have been developed and used by Russia and its predecessors since the early 20th century. They have played a significant role in many wars and conflicts, such as World War I, World War II, the Cold War, the Afghan War, and the ongoing Ukrainian crisis. Rus tankları are known for their low profile, powerful guns, reactive armor, and advanced fire control systems. In this article, we will explore the history, types, comparison, and future of Rus tankları in detail.


History of Rus Tankları




The history of Rus tankları can be traced back to the First World War, when Russia experimented with its first prototype of a tracked armored vehicle, called Vezdekhod (meaning "all-terrain" in Russian). However, this machine did not enter production or service due to the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The first Soviet tanks were mostly copies or imports of foreign models, such as the French Renault FT-17 and the British Mark V. These tanks were used to support infantry and cavalry units in the Russian Civil War and the Polish-Soviet War.




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In the 1930s, the Soviet Union began to develop its own designs of light, medium, and heavy tanks, as well as multi-turreted monsters like the T-35. These tanks were influenced by German engineer Edward Grotte, who worked for the Soviet military industry. Some of these tanks saw action in the Spanish Civil War and the Winter War against Finland. However, many of them proved to be obsolete or unreliable in the face of Nazi Germany's invasion in 1941.


During World War II, Rus tankları underwent a rapid evolution and improvement. The most famous and successful models were the T-34 medium tank and the IS heavy tank, which were able to withstand and counter the German Panzers. Rus tankları also benefited from mass production, superior tactics, and numerical superiority. By the end of the war, Rus tankları had gained a reputation for being tough, rugged, and effective.


After World War II, Rus tankları continued to be modernized and upgraded. The main models were the T-54/55, T-62, T-64, T-72, T-80, and T-90 series. These tanks incorporated new features such as smoothbore guns, composite armor, guided missiles, thermal imaging, and active protection systems. Rus tankları also participated in many wars and conflicts around the world, such as the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Arab-Israeli Wars, the Iran-Iraq War, and the Chechen Wars.


In the 21st century, Rus tankları faced new challenges and opportunities. The most recent model is the T-14 Armata, which is a revolutionary design that features an unmanned turret, a crew capsule in the front hull, a high-caliber gun, and a modular platform that can be adapted for different roles. The T-14 Armata is expected to enter service in 2025. Meanwhile, Rus tankları are also involved in the ongoing Ukrainian crisis and other regional conflicts.


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Types of Rus Tankları




Rus tankları can be classified into different types according to their weight class (light, medium or heavy), role (main battle tank or support vehicle), generation (first to fifth), or specific model (such as T-34 or T-90). Here are some examples of each type:


Light Tanks




Light tanks are small and fast vehicles that are designed for reconnaissance, flanking maneuvers or infantry support. They usually have thin armor and low-caliber guns. Some examples of light tanks are:


  • MS-1 (T-18): The first Soviet-designed tank that entered service in 1928.



Medium Tanks




Medium tanks are versatile and balanced vehicles that are designed for general combat operations. They usually have moderate armor and firepower, and good mobility. Some examples of medium tanks are:


  • T-34: The most produced tank of World War II and one of the most influential designs in history. It had a sloped armor, a powerful 76.2 mm or 85 mm gun, and a reliable diesel engine.



  • T-54/55: The most produced tank of all time and the mainstay of the Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces during the Cold War. It had a 100 mm gun, a cast turret, and a low silhouette.



  • T-64: The first Soviet tank to feature composite armor, an autoloader, and a smoothbore gun. It was also the first to use the 125 mm 2A46 gun, which became standard for later models.



  • T-90: The current main battle tank of the Russian Army, based on the T-72 platform. It has a 125 mm 2A46M smoothbore gun, a Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor, and a Shtora infrared jamming system.



Heavy Tanks




Heavy tanks are large and powerful vehicles that are designed for breakthroughs, assaults, or defense against other tanks. They usually have thick armor and high-caliber guns, but low speed and maneuverability. Some examples of heavy tanks are:


  • KV: A series of heavy tanks named after Kliment Voroshilov, a Soviet defense commissar. They had a thick armor that could withstand German anti-tank guns, but suffered from poor mobility and reliability.



  • IS: A series of heavy tanks named after Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader. They had a sloped armor and a powerful 122 mm gun, which could penetrate German Tiger and Panther tanks.



  • T-10: The last Soviet heavy tank, also known as IS-8 or IS-10. It had a 122 mm M62-T2 gun, a pike nose hull, and an infrared night vision system.



  • Object 279: A prototype heavy tank with a unique design that featured four tracks and a disc-shaped hull. It was intended to survive nuclear blasts, but was cancelled due to its complexity and impracticality.



Comparison of Rus Tankları




Rus tankları have been compared with other countries' tanks in terms of performance, capabilities, and advantages. Here are some examples of such comparisons:


Rus Tankları vs German Tanks




During World War II, Rus tankları faced German tanks in many battles on the Eastern Front. The most common German tanks were the Panzer III, Panzer IV, Tiger I, Tiger II, and Panther. Rus tankları had some advantages over German tanks, such as:


  • Better mobility: Rus tankları were generally faster and more maneuverable than German tanks, especially in rough terrain and winter conditions.



  • Better reliability: Rus tankları were simpler and easier to maintain than German tanks, which often broke down due to mechanical failures or lack of spare parts.



  • Better production: Rus tankları were mass-produced in large numbers and delivered to the front lines faster than German tanks, which suffered from shortages of resources and labor.



However, Rus tankları also had some disadvantages compared to German tanks, such as:


  • Inferior firepower: Rus tankları were often outgunned by German tanks, which had larger caliber guns with higher muzzle velocity and penetration power.



  • Inferior protection: Rus tankları were often vulnerable to German anti-tank weapons, which could pierce their armor with high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) or armor-piercing composite rigid (APCR) rounds.



  • Inferior optics: Rus tankları had poorer sights and optics than German tanks, which had better range-finding and targeting systems.



Rus Tankları vs American Tanks




During the Cold War, Rus tankları faced American tanks in several proxy wars around the world. The most common American tanks were the M48 Patton, Medium Tanks




Medium tanks are versatile and balanced vehicles that are designed for general combat operations. They usually have moderate armor and firepower, and good mobility. Some examples of medium tanks are:


  • T-34: The most produced tank of World War II and one of the most influential designs in history. It had a sloped armor, a powerful 76.2 mm or 85 mm gun, and a reliable diesel engine.



  • T-54/55: The most produced tank of all time and the mainstay of the Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces during the Cold War. It had a 100 mm gun, a cast turret, and a low silhouette.



T-64: The first Soviet tank to feature composite armor, an autoloader, and a smoothbore gun. It was also the first to use the 125 mm 2A46 gun, which became standard f


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