Linux Download Go: A Comprehensive Tutorial on the Go Programming Language
How to Download and Install Go on Linux
Linux is a free and open-source operating system that offers many advantages over Windows or Mac OS. It is fast, secure, customizable, and compatible with a wide range of devices and applications. If you want to try Linux, you will need to choose a Linux distribution, which is a version of Linux that comes with a set of software and settings. There are hundreds of Linux distributions available, each with its own features and benefits.
Go is a modern programming language that was designed at Google. It is simple, concise, efficient, and easy to learn. It has built-in support for concurrency, garbage collection, and testing. It also has a rich standard library and a large ecosystem of tools and libraries. Go is ideal for developing web applications, microservices, command-line tools, and more.
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In this article, you will learn how to download and install Go on Linux. You will also learn how to write and run your first Go program on Linux. Let's get started!
Step 1: Choose a Linux distribution and download it
The first step is to choose a Linux distribution that suits your needs and preferences. There are many factors to consider when choosing a Linux distribution, such as:
The level of difficulty and user-friendliness
The desktop environment and graphical interface
The software availability and compatibility
The system requirements and performance
The community support and documentation
Some of the most popular Linux distributions are:
UbuntuOne of the most widely used and beginner-friendly distributions. It has a sleek and intuitive desktop environment, a large software repository, and a strong community support.
Linux MintA derivative of Ubuntu that offers a more traditional and familiar desktop experience. It has a stable and reliable system, a user-friendly interface, and a variety of pre-installed software.
ManjaroA fast and versatile distribution that is based on Arch Linux. It has a rolling-release model, which means it always has the latest software updates. It also has a user-friendly installer, a customizable desktop environment, and access to the Arch User Repository.
FedoraA cutting-edge and innovative distribution that is sponsored by Red Hat. It has a sleek and modern desktop environment, a robust and secure system, and a focus on open-source software.
DebianA stable and reliable distribution that is one of the oldest and most influential in the Linux world. It has a minimal and lightweight system, a large and diverse software repository, and a loyal and active community.
You can visit the websites of these distributions and download the ISO file for the latest version. An ISO file is an image of the operating system that can be used to create a bootable USB stick or DVD.
Step 2: Create a bootable USB stick or DVD from the ISO file
The next step is to create a bootable USB stick or DVD from the ISO file. A bootable USB stick or DVD is a device that can be used to start the installation process of Linux on your computer. A USB stick is preferred over a DVD because it is faster, more convenient, and reusable.
To create a bootable USB stick from the ISO file, you will need a software tool that can write the ISO file to the USB stick. One of the most popular and easy-to-use tools is Rufus, which is available for Windows. You can download Rufus from its official website and follow these steps:
Insert a blank USB stick of at least 4 GB into your computer.
Open Rufus and select the USB stick from the Device dropdown menu.
Click on the Select button and browse to the location of the ISO file.
Make sure that the Partition scheme is set to MBR and the Target system is set to BIOS or UEFI.
Click on the Start button and wait for Rufus to write the ISO file to the USB stick.
When Rufus is done, you can safely eject the USB stick from your computer.
To create a bootable DVD from the ISO file, you will need a software tool that can burn the ISO file to the DVD. One of the most popular and easy-to-use tools is ImgBurn, which is available for Windows. You can download ImgBurn from its official website and follow these steps:
Insert a blank DVD into your computer.
Open ImgBurn and select Write image file to disc.
Click on the Browse button and select the ISO file.
Click on the Write button and wait for ImgBurn to burn the ISO file to the DVD.
When ImgBurn is done, you can safely eject the DVD from your computer.
Step 3: Boot from the USB stick or DVD and install Linux
The third step is to boot from the USB stick or DVD and install Linux on your computer. To do this, you will need to change the boot order in your computer's BIOS or UEFI settings. The BIOS or UEFI is a firmware that controls how your computer starts up. The boot order determines which device your computer will try to boot from first.
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To change the boot order in your BIOS or UEFI settings, you will need to restart your computer and press a specific key (usually F2, F10, F12, or Del) to enter the BIOS or UEFI menu. The exact key and menu may vary depending on your computer model and manufacturer. You can look for instructions on your computer screen or consult your computer manual for more details.
Once you are in the BIOS or UEFI menu, you will need to find the Boot option and move the USB stick or DVD to the top of the list. You can use the arrow keys and Enter key to navigate and select options. You will also need to save and exit the menu for the changes to take effect.
After changing the boot order, your computer will restart and try to boot from the USB stick or DVD. You will see a screen with some options to start or install Linux. You can choose either option, but it is recommended to start Linux first without installing it. This will allow you to test Linux on your computer without affecting your existing operating system or data. This is called a live session.
In a live session, you can explore Linux and see how it works on your computer. You can also access your hard drive and back up any important data before installing Linux. To install Linux, you can look for an icon on the desktop or in the menu that says Install Linux or something similar. Clicking on this icon will launch an installation wizard that will guide you through the installation process.
Step 4: Download and install Go on Linux
The fourth step is to download and install Go on Linux. There are two main ways to do this: using the official website or using the package manager of your Linux distribution. The official website provides the latest version of Go, while the package manager provides a version that is tested and compatible with your Linux distribution. You can choose either way, but it is recom